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Head and Neck Cancer

About

Head and neck cancer is a relatively uncommon type of cancer. Around 10,000 new cases are diagnosed in the UK each year.

There are more than 30 areas within the head and neck where cancer can develop, including the:

Oesophageal (gullet) cancerthyroid cancer, brain tumours and eye cancer don't tend to be classified as a head and neck cancer.

Mouth cancer

Mouth cancer is the most common type of head and neck cancer.

It can affect a number of areas in and around the mouth, including the:

  • lips
  • tongue
  • inside of the cheeks
  • floor or roof of the mouth
  • gums

Symptoms of mouth cancer can include persistent mouth ulcers and/or a lump in your mouth, both of which may be painful. 

Read more about mouth cancer.

Laryngeal cancer

Laryngeal cancer develops in the tissue of the larynx (voice box).

Symptoms of laryngeal cancer can include:

  • a change in the voice, such as persistent hoarseness
  • difficulty or pain when swallowing
  • noisy breathing
  • shortness of breath
  • a persistent cough
  • a lump or swelling in your neck

Read more about laryngeal cancer.

Throat cancers

Doctors don't tend to use the term "throat cancer", as the throat (pharynx) includes many different parts that can be affected by cancer.

The main areas that can be affected are the:

  • oropharynx – the part of the throat at the back of the mouth
  • hypopharynx – the part of the throat connecting the oropharynx to the gullet and windpipe
  • nasopharynx – the part of the throat that connects the back of the nose to the back of the mouth (see below)

The most common symptoms of cancer in the oropharynx or hypopharynx include a lump in the neck, a persistent sore throat and difficulty swallowing.

Macmillan Cancer Support has more information about oropharyngeal cancer.

Salivary gland cancer

Salivary glands produce saliva, which keeps your mouth moist and helps with swallowing and digestion.

There are three main pairs of salivary glands. They are the:

  • parotid glands – located between your cheeks and your ears
  • sublingual glands – located under your tongue
  • submandibular glands – located under each side of your jawbone

Salivary gland cancer most commonly affects the parotid glands.

The main symptom of salivary gland cancer is a lump or swelling on or near your jaw, or in your mouth or neck, although the vast majority of these lumps are non-cancerous. Other symptoms can include numbness in part of your face and drooping on one side of your face.

To read more about salivary gland cancer, visit Cancer Research UK and Macmillan Cancer Support.

Nose and sinus cancer

Nose and sinus cancer affects the nasal cavity (above the roof of your mouth) and the sinuses (the small, air-filled cavities inside the bones of the nose and within the cheekbones and forehead).

The symptoms of nose and sinus cancer are similar to viral or bacterial infections, such as the common cold or sinusitis, and include:

  • a persistent blocked nose, which usually only affects one side
  • nosebleeds
  • a decreased sense of smell
  • mucus running from the nose or down the throat

Read more about nose and sinus cancer.

Nasopharyngeal cancer

Nasopharyngeal cancer affects the part of the throat that connects the back of the nose to the back of the mouth. It's one of the rarest types of head and neck cancer in the UK.

Symptoms can include:

  • a lump in the neck, due to the cancer spreading to the lymph nodes (pea-sized lumps of tissue that make up part of the immune system) in the neck
  • a blocked or stuffy nose
  • nosebleeds
  • hearing loss (usually only in one ear)

Read more about nasopharyngeal cancer.

Further information on head and neck cancer

Information Prescription Service

To access the Information Prescription Service and the national cancer information pathway for head and neck cancer please click on the link below. Then click on 'Specialist information from our charity partners'

www.nhs.uk

Macmillan Cancer Support Website

www.macmillan.org.uk

Cancer Research UK Website

www.cancerresearchuk.org

Further Information

Visit or phone a local cancer information centre

There are several cancer information and support centres in Essex Cancer Network where anyone affected by cancer can be sure of a warm welcome and high quality, accurate, evidence-based information:

Basildon Hospital Macmillan Info and Support Centre, Outpatients Dept, Basildon Hospital, staffed Monday 2pm - Friday 12.30pm,tel: 0845 155 3111 extension 4908

Macmillan Info and Support Centre,Essex County Hospital, Outpatients Dept, Monday - Friday office hours, tel: 01206 747474

Information Resource Service, St Luke's House, Corringham,Thurrock, Monday to Friday office hours, tel: 01375 648170

Lantern Suite, Farleigh Hospice,Chelmsford, Monday to Friday office hours, tel: 01245 457418

Hospice Outreach Project Information Bus, Farleigh Hospice, covers the Chelmsford area. Contact Farleigh Hospice as above

For more information, please contact the service direct.

 

Visit your local library in Essex Cancer Network

Essex, Southend and Thurrock library services have worked in partnership with Macmillan Cancer Support and the Essex Cancer Network to establish collections of quality assured information books and pamphlets about cancer. These can be accessed at any library: just ask. Additionally some staff at libraries have been trained to help patients use the Information Prescription Service.

Contact Macmillan Cancer Support Helplines

If you have any questions about cancer, need support or just someone to talk to, call free, Monday to Friday 9am - 8pm (interpretation service available) tel: 0808 808 0000

For financial queries tel: 0808 808 2232

 

Remember: Stay safe online when looking for support!

Internet chat rooms and message forums can be valuable sources of support and comfort, enabling you to meet others in the same position. However, there is potential for abuse - please read these guidelines before you set off to explore...

Click here to download the draft guidelines

 

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